Singapore and Hong Kong model
Singapore is not only has excellent deep-water haven , likewise the construction of four container terminals , the annual container handling more than 15 million , is the world’s second largest container hub port . Singapore ‘s vision is to develop into the country’s land, sea and air , warehousing as one of the full highlands of integrated logistics hub .
Port of Singapore has taken a series like new initiatives to achieve this goal : on the alone hand , to adjust the destination management strategies and develop unexampled initiatives , ready to open ports to allow shipping companies to joint ventures with import terminals, and welcomes international port operators Group to invest in Singapore development Ferry Pier .
On the other hand , focus on technological innovation , through internal unfulfilled to increase productivity . March 2002 , the Singapore Maritime et cetera Mooring Authority conducted a pilot timetable in Singapore harbor with automatic identification system , to caress collision of vessels and transfigure port safety regarding navigation . Its port logistics situation practiced and pattern analysis is as follows: ( a ) government support “through train” the development of logistics . July 1997 , the Singapore Logistics advocate Group to develop an agenda for development , the same annually the Singapore Trade Formation Board jointly 13 government agencies , expand ” in 1997 to enhance the logistics industry and application programs “, has launched the ” 1999 to enhance the logistics work also employment programs ,” and ” 2001 to amplify the logistics industry and application program” succeeded in transportation, warehousing, distribution and other logistics sectors integrated inside “one-stop ” service.
Logistics furthermore high-tech combination. Singapore logistics company basically achieved the whole operation process automation , the Singapore government launched ” trading network ” system, enterprises and government online information exchange between departments , logistics companies have invested et cetera built a computer technology platform.
Professional et alii stable , comprehensive services . Professional logistics troupe in Singapore , a high degree of social , as an industry can stock a full range of logistics services , but also for customers in various industries to provide a link of logistics services, logistics businesses to meet customer needs as the starting point including the decisive destination dash , by the logistics company and customers selected one or several of the pip service shipment , et al ultimately to maximize consumers find cost-effective solutions .
From the above four refuge development illustrious and measures can be seen to the international, large-scale, systematic development of a highly integrated “big logistics” , to further expand the liturgy functions of the ” value-added logistics ” to create technology-intensive “smart Hong Kong ” and the development like a” virtual logistics chain control center “is the current port logistics development of the main features and trends .
Paul Express Tip : logistics develop port economy , is a new development model that implements a comprehensive personalized service oriented , has unparalleled advantages , become an important pillar of the development of the port industry .
Port logistics is except in recent years frequently appears in miscellaneous media and academic research on new terms . Port logistics concentrate is a port city with its own port advantages to relying on precious hardware and software environment , strengthen its logistics activities around the destination radiation, highlight the port spread of goods , inventory , distribution expertise to the port industry as basis , using information technology support, in order to optimize integration of port resources as the goal, development of the logistics industry chain covering all aspects of the characteristics of the landing integrated benefit system. Port logistics is a special form of the integrated logistics system is a logistics process as irreplaceable important node , complete the entire supply chain logistics system, basic logistics services and value-added services derived .
Port logistics is a variety about materials , transportation , services, collection of resources , or that the port logistics of cargo flow is known as ” objects” flow, clue flow, capital flow gathering place , a variety of logistics operations are concentrated , is a variety regarding logistics facilities and services feature set . Port logistics from a sheet perspective, involving transportation, storage, handling, transport , packaging, distribution processing, distribution, information processing, and provides many links for the above equipment and secondary services in many areas ; from the horizontal view, port logistics services involving almost the national economy many aspects , is a cross-sectoral, cross-sectoral , cross-regional basic industry , with a strong economic penetration and driving effect .
Direct contribution to the economy
Port logistics direct alms to the economy is the vital port of production obtained directly for money. Ports are cut of national and regional economies , and other industries, the larboard also produce GDP , generating income , the port also generates employment opportunities , paid statuesque taxes. So you can use freight and passenger turnover and value added GDP et cetera other indicators to measure the direct grant .
Indirect contributions to the economy
Port indirect economic contribution is defined as the compendious productive activity providing services and products produced by the organization and the company benefits. Is due to the output and phase like ports facilitate or promote the development concerning added sectors arising from that part regarding the benefit.
Port refers to the port development on social benefits and promote regional prosperous huge boost .
Modern trends in port evolution , mainly in the functional evolution . The first generation of the port main function is handling and storage ; second development town main function is to provide distribution, distribution and other value-added services ; third generation porthole main function is to provide customers with comprehensive, intoxicated value-added logistics services. Port in the development of modern logistics has a sui generis advantage. This is because the port is a core for maritime transport , with integrated functions of production factors , can promote the growth from multimodal transport , is also a major information platform.
Throughout the development of port logistics trends , you can find it went among four stages concerning development are as follows : ① the traditional logistics stage – transport, transit , storage ; ② stage distribution logistics – transport, travel , storage, packing and unpacking , warehousing port storage management, processing ; ③ integrated logistics stage – information technology, networking, and caboodle like goods flow, information flow, capital flow , personnel flow in one ; ④ port supply moor stages – global Logistics , joint distribution , active participation and organization of modern logistics-related activities and their various logistics chain convergence and coordination. The modern port logistics is characterized mainly as follows: ① large logistics – logistics cooperation and integration within the industry ; ② tech – logistics system intelligent, flexible ; ③ Harbor – unified port logistics information podium ; ④ one technology – high value-added logistics park.
In the coming period , China is still in the big port construction, large-scale development phase. Ministry of Transportation through active research and analysis on domestic and international situation poignant the development of port logistics industry will fight as soon as possible targeted policy measures to guide the Chinese port logistics industry in sustainable development. China’s port logistics industry has great evolution potential wide market space .
Paul Express Tip: modern port logistics to transport and transit port functions as dependent , established from transport to warehousing, allocation amounts to packing a powerful logistics system , led the entire port region’s economic development .
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